Addiction

What is in Cigarette?

Having been a smoker for less than ten years, I had deluded myself into thinking the health risks for me weren’t that severe. When I found out what comprises cigarettes, I quickly changed my mind. There can be as many as around 4000 various chemicals in the cigarettes. Thus far it is determined that 50 of the chemicals are well known to cause you cancer.

There are over four thousand chemicals found in cigarettes – 43 of those chemicals are known carcinogenic compounds and other toxins that include, but are not limited to nicotine, DDT, arsenic, ammonia, tar, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and hydrogen cyanide. By the way, carcinogenic literally means cancer causing. Most commonly mentioned chemicals are nicotine, tar & carbon monoxide and nicotine is the insecticide. Tar is oily substance that is used to pave roofs and driveways. Carbon monoxide is the odorless gas that is found in the auto exhaust. But, These might not be most dangerous chemicals there in the cigarettes.

The best part of all those lovely chemicals we are sucking into our lungs is that those chemicals stay in our lungs. The catch is, the more we inhale, the better it feels. The more damage we do to our lungs is directly related to an increase in how much we want to smoke. To make this matter worse, the second hand smoke is more dangerous. American Surgeon General also found more than 50 cancer causing chemicals that are all found in the cigarette smoke. An unfortunate result is other people and family members will develop the health problems without smoking the cigarette!

Let’s talk a little more about nicotine for a moment. It takes nicotine six seconds – yes, six seconds – to reach the brain from the moment it is inhaled. That is just part of what makes nicotine so addictive. Nicotine has a calming effect while also being a stimulant. Most smokers will tell you the first thing they do when they get up in the morning is light up a smoke. They’ll also tell you they smoke most when they’re upset, under stress or nervous because smoking makes them feel more relaxed. A lot of smokers also smoke more when they’re drinking. Alcohol is a depressant so smokers likely light up more with a drink in their hand for nicotine’s stimulating properties.

Here’s something else to consider about nicotine. In small doses – like a cigarette – it has that stimulant effect people crave so much in the morning. Up the dose and it’s the opposite; inhibiting the signals passed between nerve cells and the stimulant becomes a depressant. In high enough doses nicotine can be lethal. Tobaccos companies add different chemicals as well as flavorings in the cigarettes for improving its taste as well as to make tobacco burn smoother & longer. It is as well known that a few of these chemicals increase craving for & addiction to the tobacco smoking. The smokers are also exposed to more chemicals than what they realize.

New Ways to Quit Smoking – Find the Right Alternative

There are several ways through which you can stop smoking. These are the effective and proven ways that have been adopted by several people when there is a need to stop smoking. These new ways to quit smoking are loaded with tons of benefits and knowing them can surely motivate you. These effective ways for stop smoking can bring you more good health on a long-term basis and can save you from cancer or asthma like diseases successfully. Smoking is a bad practice and it can make the right call for cardiovascular problems. It can make you look aged and wrinkles will start to appear even though you are quite young. These are few negative impacts of smoking and sometime it may bring you critical health problems. This is the reason why you need to quit smoking. For that you need to follow some steps. All you need to keep in mind that these new ways to quit smoking are full of challenges. People need to understand about the problems that they need to face. A process that has worked for someone may not work for you. But when you need to quit smoking you have to look for the best ways that suits you.

•Sometime you can stop on smoking right away. This is a clean approach. Well, it’s always tough to quit smoking suddenly but not impossible. It may not work for you but you can at least try this process. While trying such method you have to cope with the necessary adjustments and craving. You need to have a strong mentality while adopting such process. Well, when you are attempting such process you will start to feel the pros and cons in less time. You need to be very strong when you plan to stop smoking, and you might need to face many problems in the process so it is very important that you are determined about what you want to do. For smokers it is a very difficult thing and people find it tough to quit smoking as the urge is very high at least when they start and hence the will power is very important.

•You can replace your smoking habit with something else. When you are trying to quit smoking, its not just the nicotine with which you need to deal. Keep in mind that it’s a habit that is offering you more problems and you have to quit it. You can replace this habit with another one. When the mood is there to start smoking, you can chew bubble gum or candies. These are the perfect kind of replacements that you can adopt instead of smoking. It will also clear the bad breath problem for you successfully. If you want then you can take help from your doctors they will show you about the process by which you quit smoking. If you start the process in the right way then there will be no problems.

How People Try to Quit Smoking

It’s been said that quitting smoking is one of the hardest things a person can do. Even with all the products on the market to try to make it easier, it’s easy to relapse. Some say it’s more of the habit of smoking than the nicotine and they may be partially right. Studies have shown that while the body does become dependent on nicotine, there is also a psychological aspect to the addiction as well that can be just as tough to deal with.

So how to people try to quit smoking?
Nicotine Supplemental – nicotine patches or nicotine gum work by releasing small doses of nicotine into the blood stream. As the dependences becomes less severe, and the withdrawal symptoms relax, smaller doses are released. This method works best with another form of medication and moral support from friends and family. That stop smoking technique is right for you that depends on various factors that includes your personality as well as how often that you smoke. Which method can make it simplest for you to end smoking is very hard to say – and that depends on you, health, as well as how often that you smoke. Normally speaking, less frequently that you smoke, easier it is for you to end smoking together.

Therapy – Group or individual therapy helps a person going through the trying experience of giving up cigarettes by letting the hopefully former smoker know they are not alone and offering moral support.

Hypnosis – With hypnosis, the individual is guided into a hypnotic state and conditioned to believe they no longer crave cigarettes and are in fact repulsed by them.

Cold Turkey – With the cold turkey method, a person decides they no longer want to be a smoker and stop completely.

Electronic Cigarettes – Although not considered a valid smoking-cessation device, e-cigarettes are growing in popularity. The device is shaped like a cigarette and has a heating element that vaporizes liquid, which is safe to be inhaled.

Herbal Substitutes – While the effectiveness of smoking herbal nicotine replacement cigarettes has yet to be confirmed, many people choose them as it satisfies the psychological desire for a cigarette without the harmful chemicals.

One idea is for reducing number of the cigarettes that you smoke every day by one cigarette each week. In case you normally smoke around 10 every day, in ten weeks then you can be down to the smoking zero! Try various methods for quit smoking and see which is most effectual for you. Few people need to try to end more than one time before they can stop smoking together. Stay at this course – it is not simple to stop smoking, however it is so very important for your health as well as happiness! When you are successful in giving up the cigarettes, you may feel great about choice for rest of your life! It is a decision that you need to take some day in your like, so why not now and end smoking right away.

Alcohol Rehab Center

Ann alcohol rehab center is a chemical addiction treatment facility to treat those addicted alcohol and other drugs. The differences between one alcohol rehab center and another are various and numerous. Every alcohol rehab center is unique in terms of patient makeup, price, treatment specialty, curriculum and philosophy, size, and location and services and amenities and features, among other considerations.

The alcohol rehab center treatment focus or specialty is one differentiation point among addiction treatment programs. Many alcohol rehab centers serve the younger, college age patient population. That population seems to have an unusually high number of alcohol and drug addicts, per capita. There are also treatment programs that are exclusive adolescent, under age 18, as well as programs that serve a more mature population. Some alcohol addiction programs cater to certain religious orientations, and others cater to certain sexual orientation populations, as well. Some facilities serve primarily the lower income to even indigent patient populations, while others serve very high net worth individual populations. Finally, there are alcohol rehab center programs that are co-educational, while other programs are gender separate.

Alcohol rehab center treatment prices vary dramatically, from treatment center to treatment center, as well. Pricing is usually a function of many considerations, including the center’s location, staff credentials, curriculum or philosophy, services and amenities and features provided detoxification ability, and care level, among others. Prices range from free or state and/or county subsidized programs, often called ‘street’ or indigent programs to extremely exclusive, private, high-end, spa-like programs that can cost as much as $80,000 per month and beyond. The majority of treatment programs are priced in the $10,000-$15,000 per month price range. Prices are often highest during the first month treatment, for obvious reasons, which then reduce during subsequent months of treatment.

The make up of the treatment team in an alcohol rehab center is also a significant differentiation point. Many alcohol addiction treatment programs have a staff that is comprised, principally, of addiction counselors and minimal ancillary staff. Most of the higher needs programs, such as dual diagnosis and other psychiatric addiction treatment programs, have a much more highly credentialed and licensed staff of MDs, PhDs, Master Level Therapists, and other adjunctive care givers. Typically, the treatment costs of an alcohol rehab center with a highly credentialed and licensed staff is, of course, higher than that of a program with a less capable staff, less credentialed, less licensed staff.

The curriculum and services provided at an alcohol rehab center are also a digression point. The lower-end programs typically offer minimal services, consisting of principally education and some group treatment work. The higher-end programs usually provide much more education, including well-know speaker meetings, more therapeutic groups, and therapeutic activities, among other services. The highest-end programs often provide abundant individual, one-on-one therapy, small group therapy, education, activities, and other ancillary services ranging from massage to acupuncture to yoga, to brain scanning, infrared saunas, meditation, private physical training, personal chefs, and much more.

Finally, the location of an alcohol rehab center is also an identifying and differentiating point among treatment facilities. There are very urban, inner city programs, typically found in large metropolises, often in the ‘skid row’ locales. There are more rural programs, located in the mountains or in other remote areas that have lots of land and privacy around them. And there are coastal property programs that have locations on the beach or close to it for those patients who respond to that type of environment.

The diversity and variety of an alcohol rehab center is determined by multiple factors, including the following: patient population served treatment focus and specialty, program cost, program size, services provided, and location, among other considerations. These are the primary differentiation considerations among addiction treatment programs.

Drug Rehab

Drug Rehab, a colloquial or even slang term for drug and alcohol rehabilitation, refers to the process of treating substance abuse, chemical dependency, and specifically addiction to any form of drug, whether prescribed, controlled, or uncontrolled. While there are extensive varieties, philosophies, and types of drug rehab, the basic, traditional treatment process involves medical and psychotherapeutic treatment for those addicted to drugs or alcohol.

The drug rehab medical component typically involves chemical detoxification of the patient, when the acceptable levels of undesirable chemicals are exceeded in the body. The detoxification process must be initiated and monitored by a capable and experienced medical professional to insure the least medical risk possible to the detoxifying patient. The specific detox protocol is very much a function of the type, amount, and usage period of unwanted chemicals in the body. Some detox protocols involve only time, as the body will naturally break down and void the unwanted chemicals. In more severe instances, detoxifying chemicals are introduced into the body, which counter act or inhibit and/or block the activity of specific neurological receptors, so that the effects of the undesired chemical are neutralized, thus enabling the patient to reduce the psychological desire for the drug. In almost all detoxification protocols, patients are given some variety of mood stabilizers and/or relaxers to aid in the detoxification process.

The length of the detox period is also dependant on the type, quantity, and duration of drug use, among other considerations.

The psychological aspect of drug rehab, which commences after the patient has begun, or even completed the detoxification, in some cases, is the most critical part of the drug rehab process. The saying that ‘it’s easy to get off the drugs, it’s just difficult to stay off the drugs,’ is a fact borne out time and time again. If the patient is only detoxified, but not educated and processed through the addiction, the odds of relapse are extremely high. For this reason, there must be a psycho-dynamic component to drug rehab. The psychodynamic aspect of treatment historically consists of education, step work (12 Step Process), and in some higher-end programs, individual and small group therapy. It is through these interventions and processes that the patient begins to understand and comprehend the effect of substance abuse in his or her live and how to manage the stressors and triggers that have caused the abuse.

The last phase of primary care drug rehab regards the discharge planning component. So often, patients improve and perform at a very high level, as a result of the highly structured drug rehab environment that they are in for 30-90 days. However, upon re-introduction to their pre-drug rehab existence, they often fall in with the same people, situations, triggers, etc., which cause them to relapse. The best way to avoid this eventuality is to provide a very structured discharge plan, which, when followed, helps the patient avoid the pitfalls of drug abuse. Most viable discharge plans include some or ideally all of the following: outpatient treatment referrals; 12-Step Program initiation/continuation, including finding a sponsor; Sober Living environments; drug monitoring; and life coaching.

Quality, comprehensive drug rehab programs are highly effective in treating those addicted to drugs and alcohol. The earlier in the addiction process that a drug addict undergoes treatment, the higher the incidence of full recovery and future abstinence.

How Long Have Cigarettes Been Around

Smoking tobacco has been around a lot longer than most people think, beginning somewhere in the area of 5000 BC. It made its way to the old World in the 1500s and although it was sharply criticized, became popular. In the early 1920s, German scientists identified a link between smoking tobacco and lung cancer but the anti-smoking campaign that began there but that sentiment wouldn’t begin to be shared worldwide until the 1950s. It wasn’t until the 1980’s, with scientific evidence continuing to pile up, that the political world really started to take note and spoke for the first time about the evils of tobacco. You see, knowing to smoke was hardest as well as most miserable task that you have undertook in young life! And smoking was something, which you need to learn to do and you did not just pick up the cigarette as well as start smoking. Also, it took some time with persistence as well as enduing good misery to learn to start smoking.

There were cases much earlier of political leaders trying to put an end to tobacco use. One of the harshest examples of this came in 1634 when the Patriarch of Moscow sentenced any man or woman who broke his ban on the sale of tobacco to be whipped viciously until the skin came off their backs and ordered their nostrils slit. In 1604, James I of England took a less horrific approach and imposed a four thousand percent tax increase on tobacco. It was a resounding flop. By that time, London had somewhere in the area of seven thousand tobacco sellers. In case you are the smoker who has already tried to stop & couldn’t, and you know how much hard it is just quitting. In case you are not the smoker however have loved ones who are doing, believe me, it is very hard to quit smoking. You learn to suppress the body’s normal protective action to hot, and polluted smoke that is entering your lungs. The lungs designed for cleaning air only and you learn to control the body with your whole mind!

By the middle of the 1600s, tobacco had found its way to every major continent and had injected itself into native culture. Many rulers tried to keep it at bay, imposing fines and punishments for partaking in the smoking or sale of tobacco, but it was no use. Smoking had arrived and it wasn’t going anywhere. In 1881, James Bonsack came up with a machine to speed up the production of cigarettes. So it is simple to see why smoker just cannot remember the time when they did not smoke. Obviously, another reason that the smoker does not remember is seriously unpleasant nature of learning to the smoke process. Cigarette smoke is caustic, hot, chemical pollution and in case it gets in eyes, that makes them burn & water. It will make your skin little itchy in sensitive people. And the rest is history.

Heroin Addiction

Heroin addiction is very prevalent throughout the US and abroad. Although it is difficult to obtain an exact number of heroin users because of the transient nature of this population, several surveys have attempted to provide estimates. A rough estimate of the people who are hardcore and suffering from heroin addiction in the United States places the number between 750,000 and 1,000,000 users. Obviously, addiction treatment is needed desperately for this an d many other populations.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ National Household Survey on Drug Abuse found that, in 2001, approximately 3.1 million Americans (1.4%) 12 years old and older had used heroin at least once in their lifetime. Persons ages 18 to 25 reported the highest percentage of lifetime heroin use with 1.6% in 2001 (see table 1). Many of these people are suffering from heroin addiction and need addiction treatment quickly before a drastic change in life results in death or imprisonment.Narconon Arrowhead offers this very vitally needed addiction treatment and in actual fact the only treatment that will truly be effective for such a drug addicted individual.

Methamphetamine Addiction

One of the strongest addictions to battle is methamphetamine addiction. Methamphetamine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that dramatically affects the central nervous system. The drug is made easily in clandestine laboratories with relatively inexpensive over-the-counter ingredients. These factors combine to make methamphetamine a drug with high potential for widespread abuse and addiction.

Methamphetamine is commonly known as “speed,” “meth,” and “chalk.” In its smoked form, it is often referred to as “ice,” “crystal,” “crank,” and “glass.” It is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting crystalline powder that easily dissolves in water or alcohol. The drug was developed early in this century from its parent drug, amphetamine, and was used originally in nasal decongestants and bronchial inhalers. Methamphetamine’s chemical structure is similar to that of amphetamine, but it has more pronounced effects on the central nervous system. Like amphetamine, it causes increased activity, decreased appetite, and a general sense of well-being. The effects of methamphetamine can last 6 to 8 hours. After the initial “rush,” there is typically a state of high agitation that in some individuals can lead to violent behavior. Addiction to methamphetamine can come very rapidly and once it takes hold of the individual the person can struggle for a very long time attempting to let it go.

A real drug rehab program that offers real solutions is the only viable and dependable alternative to a potential lifetime of struggle and agony. Narconon arrowhead is that program and offers a true, drug free solution to restore a person’s ability to enjoy his life and family and leave methamphetamine addiction behind permanently.

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